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Efficacy and Safety of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of Immune Infertility
source:NCBI 2021-10-14 [Research]
Based on the Theory of “Kidney Deficiency and Blood Stasis”: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Yi-ling Bai, 1 Yun-hui Chen, 1 Cui Jiang, 1 Jun-hui Qian, 2 Ling-ling Han, 1 Hai-zhen Lu, 1 Hao-zhong Wang, 1 and Yi-rong Sun 3


1College of Basic Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan, China

2Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 39 Shi-er-qiao Road, Chengdu, Sichuan 610072, China

3Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China

Hao-zhong Wang: nc.ude.mctudc@gnohzoahgnaw; Yi-rong Sun:

Academic Editor: Xia Wang






This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy of tonifying kidney and activating blood circulation (TKABC) based on the theory of “kidney deficiency and blood stasis” for the treatment of immune infertility.


Six electronic databases, including the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, and VIP information database, were searched from inception to January 2021 to identify eligible studies of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The primary outcome measurements were the total effective rate and pregnancy rate, and the secondary outcome measurements included the negative conversion rate of serum antibodies and the incidence of adverse effects. The quantitative synthesis was performed using the Review Manager 5.3 software. The chi-square statistic and I2 statistic were employed to investigate statistical heterogeneity. The fixed-effects model was used for a low heterogeneity (I2 < 50%), and the random-effects model was applied if heterogeneity was moderate (50% < I2 < 75%). Funnel plots were used to evaluate potential reporting bias when more than ten eligible studies were included.


Thirteen RCTs involving 1298 patients with immune infertility of kidney deficiency and blood stasis were included. Compared with conventional group, TCM TKABC therapy showed a significant improvement on the total effective rate (RR: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.30,1.47; and I2 = 0%), pregnancy rate (RR: 2.04; 95% CI: 1.73, 2.40; and I2 = 30%), negative conversion rates of AsAb (RR: 1.42; 95% CI: 1.12,1.79; and I2 = 62%), AEmAb rates (RR: 1.21; 95% CI: 1.04,1.41; and I2 = 0%), and AhCGAb with less adverse effects (RR: 0.24; 95% CI: 1.73, 2.40; and I2 = 55%). However, the negative conversion rate of AoAb and ACAb showed no significant statistical difference.


Our review suggests that TCM TKABC therapy based on the theory of kidney deficiency and blood stasis appears to be an effective and safe approach for patients with immune infertility. However, the methodological quality of included RCTs was unsatisfactory, and it is necessary to verify its effectiveness with more well-designed and high-quality multicenter RCTs.